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We believe that health testing is crucial before breeding. We want to do our best to provide healthy puppies. You can find results of our dogs health testing on each of their pages. We test for the following issues in our breeding stock:


Cardiac Exam via Auscultation- We have our dogs hearts examined  to identify the cardiac valve areas for auscultation. The examiner auscultates over the subaortic area, ascending aorta, pulmonary artery, and the left craniodorsal cardiac base. Following examination of the left precordium, the right precordium is also examined.


Patella Luxation- The patella, or kneecap, is part of the stifle joint (knee). In patellar luxation, the kneecap luxates, or pops out of place, either in a medial or lateral position. We test all our dogs for normal Patellas without luxation.


Tracheal Hypoplasia-With tracheal hypoplasia the trachea has a decreased luminal diameter resulting in breathing difficulties. Our dogs are xrayed to evaluate their trachea at a year old to rule our tracheal hypoplasia. 


CMR1- CMR1 symptoms are very similar to Best macular dystrophy disease (BMD) in humans. BMD and CMR are retinal disorders caused by mutation in VMD2 gene (Vitelliform Macular Dystrophy 2 Gene). VMD2 gene is coding a protein bestrophin which is responsible for right forming of pigment epithelium in retina. Mutations in VMAD2 gene cause pigment epithelium athrophy which is leading to serious damage of sight.

CMR disease usually arises before 4th month of age in an affected puppy. Clinically, rose-grey coloured lesions are remarkable in retina. These lesions are of different size and shape and are occured in both eyes of affected individual. Total blindness usually comes in higher age.

JHC- Juvenile Hereditary Cataracts (JHC) are a clouding of the lens of the eye caused by a breakdown of tissue in the eye. This condition generally results in an inability to see clearly and can cause total blindness.

HUU- Dogs with this genetic mutation metabolize waste products as uric acid in their urine. The uric acid forms into hard stones in the bladder, causing pain and inflammation as the stone moves through the urinary tract.

Health Testing


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